In this study, we tried to decrease the hydrogen content in diamond-like carbon (DLC) grown by photoemission-assisted plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PA-PECVD) using Ar/CH4 mixed with CO2. When the CO2 flux was changed from 0 to 10 sccm with the Ar and CH4 fluxes maintained at 50 and 10 sccm, respectively, the growth rate decreased from 11 to 3 μm/h. Secondary mass spectroscopy measurements confirmed that the amount of O mixed into the DLC was increased through incorporation of CO2 into feed gas flow. The O concentration in the DLC was quantitatively evaluated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) to be 0.6 atomic % at a CO2 flow ratio of 14%. Raman spectroscopy and XPS revealed that the amount of H trapped in the DLC decreased as the CO2 flow ratio was increased and the sp3/sp2 ratio remained almost unchanged. These results were interpreted by a model involving O radicals acting on the DLC surface associated with CO/CO2 and H2O, resulting in a decrease of the growth rate and H content. A portion of the O radicals also became incorporated into the DLC as C–O–C bonds.
- Diamond-like carbon
- Photoemission-assisted plasma
- Plasma enhanced CVD
- Raman spectroscopy
- X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy