Background and objectives: Control of serum concentrations of calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), and parathyroid hormone (PTH) is essential for management of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT). Design, setting, participants, & measurements: This is a planned interim analysis of a longitudinal cohort study. The settings are dialysis facilities in Japan. Eligible patients comprise all those who were receiving hemodialysis at one of 86 participating facilities and who have SHPT. Using data from a random sample (n = 3276) of the participants from January 2008 through June 2009, we measured changes in the percentages of patients who were within the national guideline-specified target ranges of Ca (8.4 to 10 mg/dl), P (3.5 to 6.0 mg/dl), and intact PTH (iPTH) (60 to 180 pg/ml), and changes in prescriptions of drugs targeting SHPT. We used regression models to identify factors affecting the achievement of the guideline-specified targets. Results: There were no notable changes in the percentage of patients who were within the guideline for Ca, P, or both. The percentage who were within the iPTH guideline increased from 14.5% to 43.3% (P < 0.001). There were no remarkable changes in the percentage of patients receiving vitamin D or phosphate binders. The percentage who received cinacalcet increased from 0% to 29%. Prescription of cinacalcet was associated with improvement or target-achievement for iPTH and for Ca by 16.8 percentage points (95% CI: 8.1 to 17.0) and by 12.6 percentage points (13.7 to 19.9), respectively. Conclusions: In the routine care of hemodialysis patients, increasing use of cinacalcet was associated with better control of SHPT.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Clinical journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN|
|Publication status||Published - 2011 Sept 1|