Density index for estimating the postliquefaction volumetric strain of silty soils

Jongkwan Kim, Tadashi Kawai, Motoki Kazama, Tomohiro Mori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


This study examined the liquefaction-induced ground settlement of silty sand ground, in which many nonplastic fines are contained. Investigation determined that if fines were included in the specimen, the minimum void ratio shrank more under water-immersion than dry conditions. In addition, the cyclic minimum void ratio was examined, which was obtained by cyclic liquefaction and drainage testing conducted by assuming earthquake excitation. The results illustrated that the difference between the estimated dry and cyclic minimum void ratios uniquely correlated with fines content. A new density index, the normalized margin of void ratio, was proposed for postliquefaction volumetric strain based on examination of the minimum void ratio of soils containing nonplastic fines. The test results confirmed that maximum and accumulated shear strains are satisfactory indices of loading history. Furthermore, the normalized margin of void ratio performed well as a density index for estimating postliquefaction settlements, regardless of the type or content of fines.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberC4015005
JournalInternational Journal of Geomechanics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Oct 1


  • Minimum void ratio
  • Nonplastic fines
  • Postliquefaction
  • Settlement


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