Deposition of Pb(ZrxTi1-x)O3 thin films by pulsed laser ablation for MEMS application

Zhan Jie Wang, Ryutaro Maeda, Hiroyuki Kokawa

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Pb (ZrxTi1-x) O3 films were prepared by pulsed laser ablation on Pt/Ti/SiO2/Si substrates at room temperature and were crystallized by subsequent annealing. The effect of the Pb content and Zr/Ti ratio in the target on crystalline structure and electrical properties of Pb (ZrxTi1-x) O3 films was investigated. Crystalline phases and structure in the PZT films were investigated by X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD). The microstructure and composition of the films were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and electron probe microanalysis (EPMA), respectively. It was found that the addition of 20 wt% excess PbO to the PZT target is necessary to obtain a single perovskite phase. X-ray diffraction analysis results show that the film fabricated from the target with Zr/Ti ratio of 30/70 crystallizes in the tetragonal phase, while the films fabricated from the targets with Zr/Ti ratios of 70/30, 58/42, 52/48, 45/55 crystallize in the rhombohedral phase. The films derived from the target with Zr/Ti ratio of 45/55 and with 20 wt% excess PbO exhibited better electric properties. The remanent polarization and coercive field of the film were 31.28 μC/cm2 and 45.29 kV/cm, while the dielectric constant and loss value measured at 1 kHz were approximately 1069 and 0.08, respectively. The results demonstrate that a few micrometers thick PZT thin films derived by laser ablation for use in micro actuators is possible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)356-363
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Dec 1
EventSmart Materials II - Melbourne, VIC., United States
Duration: 2002 Dec 162002 Dec 18


  • Ceramics, laser ablation
  • Dielectric properties, bimorph beams
  • Lead zirconate titanate (PZT)
  • Microstructure, ferroelectric properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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