Depression and anxiety among nursing students during the COVID-19 pandemic in Tohoku region, Japan: A cross-sectional survey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Aim: Restrictions such as physical distancing and online learning for college students were implemented due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Owing to this, students may experience psychological distress from social isolation and loneliness. Nursing students are subjected to an exacerbated level of distress during the pandemic due to their role as health professionals. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the level of anxiety and depression among Japanese nursing students, according to their perceived vulnerability to COVID-19. Methods: A total of 281 college students (104 nursing students and 177 other college students) responded to a web-based anonymous questionnaire survey from 18 August to 31 October 2020. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale was used to evaluate anxiety (HADS-A) and depression (HADS-D). Perceived vulnerability to COVID-19 was assessed using the Perceived Vulnerability to Disease Scale. Results: In both groups of students, the prevalence of both anxiety (30.5% in nursing students; 69.5% in others) and depressive symptoms (31.1% in nursing students; 68.9% in others) were remarkably high. There were no significant differences in anxiety and depression between nursing and other students after adjusting for perceived vulnerability to COVID-19 plus socio-demographic characteristics and stress coping styles. Perceived vulnerability and its interactions with nursing did not show a significant association with either depression or anxiety. Conclusion: This study highlights the need for greater support and preventive strategies for mental health problems for college students during the COVID-19 pandemic regardless of perceived vulnerability.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12483
JournalJapan Journal of Nursing Science
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jul


  • COVID-19
  • anxiety
  • depression
  • epidemiology
  • nursing students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Research and Theory


Dive into the research topics of 'Depression and anxiety among nursing students during the COVID-19 pandemic in Tohoku region, Japan: A cross-sectional survey'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this