Determinants strengthening japanese nurses’ intention to stay at their current hospital

Miho Satoh, Ikue Watanabe, Kyoko Asakura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


In order to retain nursing staff, it is crucial to have a comprehensive understanding of the factors that motivate nurses to stay at an institution. Toward this aim, we identified a variety of factors that strengthen nurses’ intention to stay at their current hospital. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted at 12 hospitals in the Tohoku and Kanto regions of Japan. Of the 1,034 nurses working in those hospitals, 713 returned the questionnaire (response rate: 69.0%). Of these, we analysed the data of 485 nurses (17.42 ± 9.83 years of clinical experience, 95.3% female) (valid response rate: 46.9%) who met the inclusion criteria of planning to stay at their current hospital and completing all questionnaire items. An exploratory factor analysis indicated that variables strengthening intention to stay at the current hospital could be grouped into five factors: “comfortable workplace environment,” “passive motivational factors,” “convenience of hospital location,” “favorable work-life balance,” and “fulfilment in nursing.” Nurses who were married or had children placed a higher priority on a “favorable work-life balance” in remaining at their current workplace. Regular employees or nurses working in the smaller cities tended to display higher “passive motivational factors,” which comprised various extrinsic factors. Though extrinsic factors are considered to make only short-term contributions to employee retention, they could generate positive synergistic effects when combined with intrinsic motivations such as “fulfilment in nursing.” Effective nurseretention strategies should be developed by capitalizing on the interaction among the five factors that strengthen nurses to stay at their current hospital.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-182
Number of pages8
JournalTohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Nov


  • Favorable work-life balance
  • Intention to stay
  • Nurse
  • Passive motivational factor
  • Psychological fulfilment


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