Determination of the extracellular acidification of Escherichia coli by a light-addressable potentiometric sensor

Carl Frederik Werner, Christoph Krumbe, Katharina Schumacher, Simone Groebel, Heiko Spelthahn, Michael Stellberg, Torsten Wagner, Tatsuo Yoshinobu, Thorsten Selmer, Michael Keusgen, Marcus E.M. Baumann, Michael J. Schöning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


The monitoring and control of a biogas digester is important to maximise the energy output and to avoid down times. Within the digester process, the metabolic activity of relevant organisms represents a key parameter. A light-addressable potentiometric sensor (LAPS) can be used to determine the extracellular acidification of these organisms. With the developed on-chip differential LAPS set-up, external influences, like sensor drift, temperature fluctuations and external pH changes can be compensated. An immobilisation protocol based on polyacrylamide has been developed to immobilise the organisms on the sensor surface. To validate the system, Escherichia coli have been used as a model organism. Measurements with E. coli in suspension and measurements with E. coli embedded in polyacrylamide gel were performed. It was shown, that the activity of the E. coli in the polyacrylamide was as high as in suspension, when determining the effect of the immobilisation towards the extracellular acidification rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1340-1344
Number of pages5
JournalPhysica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jun


  • extracellular acidification
  • immobilisation
  • light-addressable potentiometric sensor
  • polyacrylamide gel


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