The molecular nature and cellular localization of Thy-1 antigen in human renal tissue were studied. Strong immunohistochemical staining was observed in frozen sections of human kidney using monoclonal anti-human Thy-1 antibody; this reaction was almost completely abolished by pretreating the kidney section with phosphatidyl inositol (PI)-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC). Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that the Thy-1 antigen is localized on the proximal tubular epithelial cells and the Bowman's capsule of the glomerulus. Northern blot analysis of renal mRNA using a cloned human Thy-1 gene revealed the presence of human Thy-1 mRNA of a similar size to the one in human brain. When a human kidney cDNA library was screened with the same probe, a cDNA of human Thy-1 was isolated. Moreover, human Thy-1 protein with a molecular weight (MW) of 21,000 was detected in renal tissue by gel electrophoresis and Western blot analysis using monoclonal anti-human Thy-1 antibody. These data demonstrate for the first time the production of human Thy-1 as a PI-anchored protein with a unique cellular location in human renal tissue.
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|Published - 1990