Development of a cavity with photonic crystal structure for axion searches

Y. Kishimoto, Y. Suzuki, I. Ogawa, Y. Mori, M. Yamashita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Two cavities of different sizes with a photonic crystal structure have been developed for axion searches. In the cavities, the dispersion relation in the photonic crystal is utilized, and so they are called "DRiPC cavities". The size of the smaller cavity is $100 \times 100 \times 10$ mm, where 16 cylindrical metal poles with a diameter of 4 mm are introduced in a $4\times4$ grid at 20 mm intervals. In this study, the grid interval in the $x$ direction in the smaller cavity, $Lx$, was changed to investigate the resonance frequency, $Q$-value, and the electric field profile at each $Lx$. The lowest three frequencies have been compared with those simulated by the finite element method and have been found to be in excellent agreement. The lowest-frequency mode could be tuned from 5.10 GHz ($Lx = 25.0$ mm) to 6.72 GHz (13.9 mm), centered on 5.87 GHz at $Lx = 20$ mm. This wide tunability range, 27.7$\%$, was suitable for a search with a modest $Q$-value. By examining the electric field distributions with the bead-pull method, the lowest-frequency modes at $Lx=16.0$-25.0 mm were ${\rm TM{010}}$-like. This mode was also obtained in a larger cavity ($180 \times 180 \times 20\,\text{mm} \times 2$) with the same photonic crystal structure. These results led us to conclude that a DRiPC cavity has features suitable for future axion search experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number063H01
JournalProgress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jun 1


  • H20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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