Development of a rational framework for the therapeutic efficacy of fecal microbiota transplantation for calf diarrhea treatment

Jahidul Islam, Masae Tanimizu, Yu Shimizu, Yoshiaki Goto, Natsuki Ohtani, Kentaro Sugiyama, Eriko Tatezaki, Masumi Sato, Eiji Makino, Toru Shimada, Chise Ueda, Ayumi Matsuo, Yoshihisa Suyama, Yoshifumi Sakai, Mutsumi Furukawa, Katsuki Usami, Hiroshi Yoneyama, Hisashi Aso, Hidekazu Tanaka, Tomonori Nochi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Establishing fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) to prevent multifactorial diarrhea in calves is challenging because of the differences in farm management practices, the lack of optimal donors, and recipient selection. In this study, the underlying factors of successful and unsuccessful FMT treatment cases are elucidated, and the potential markers for predicting successful FMT are identified using fecal metagenomics via 16S rRNA gene sequencing, fecal metabolomics via capillary electrophoresis time-of-flight mass spectrometry, and machine learning approaches. Results: Specifically, 20 FMT treatment cases, in which feces from healthy donors were intrarectally transferred into recipient diarrheal calves, were conducted with a success rate of 70%. Selenomonas was identified as a microorganism genus that showed significant donor–recipient compatibility in successful FMT treatments. A strong positive correlation between the microbiome and metabolome data, which is a prerequisite factor for FMT success, was confirmed by Procrustes analysis in successful FMT (r = 0.7439, P = 0.0001). Additionally, weighted gene correlation network analysis confirmed the positively or negatively correlated pairs of bacterial taxa (family Veillonellaceae) and metabolomic features (i.e., amino acids and short-chain fatty acids) responsible for FMT success. Further analysis aimed at establishing criteria for donor selection identified the genus Sporobacter as a potential biomarker in successful donor selection. Low levels of metabolites, such as glycerol 3-phosphate, dihydroxyacetone phosphate, and isoamylamine, in the donor or recipients prior to FMT, are predicted to facilitate FMT. Conclusions: Overall, we provide the first substantial evidence of the factors related to FMT success or failure; these findings could improve the design of future microbial therapeutics for treating diarrhea in calves. [MediaObject not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Article number31
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec


  • Calf diarrhea
  • FMT
  • Metabolites
  • Microbiome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)


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