Development of an implantable high-energy and compact battery system for artificial heart

Eiji Okamoto, T. Inoue, K. Watanabe, T. Hashimoto, E. Iwazawa, Y. Abe, T. Chinzei, T. Isoyama, S. Kobayashi, I. Saito, F. Sato, H. Matsuki, K. Imachi, Y. Mitamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility of the use of an implantable, high-energy, and compact battery system for an undulation pump total artificial heart (UPTAH). The implantable battery system tested consists of six lithium-ion batteries in series, a charge unit, and a charge/discharge control unit. A lithium-ion battery is currently the best energy-storage device because it has more energy density, a better life cycle, and a smaller temperature rise than those of other secondary batteries. The performance of the implantable battery system was evaluated in an in vitro experiment using an electric load that simulated the UPTAH. Also, sufficiently reliable operation of a system for supplying energy to a UPTAH consisting of a transcutaneous energy transmission system (TETS) and an implantable battery system was confirmed in three experiments using goats. The results of the in vitro and in vivo experiments showed that the implantable battery system supplied sufficient current to the UPTAH for maintenance of physiological conditions in the goat with maximum rise in temperature to less than 43°C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-188
Number of pages5
JournalArtificial Organs
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Feb 1


  • Artificial heart
  • Lithium-ion battery
  • Total artificial heart
  • Transcutaneous energy transmission system
  • Undulation pump total artificial heart


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