Development of an intense positron source using a crystal-amorphous hybrid target for linear colliders

Y. Uesugi, T. Akagi, R. Chehab, O. Dadoun, K. Furukawa, T. Kamitani, S. Kawada, T. Omori, T. Takahashi, K. Umemori, J. Urakawa, M. Satoh, V. Strakhovenko, T. Suwada, A. Variola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


In a conventional positron source driven by a few GeV electron beam, a high amount of heat is loaded into a positron converter target to generate intense positrons required by linear colliders, and which would eventually damage the converter target. A hybrid target, composed of a single crystal target as a radiator of intense gamma-rays, and an amorphous converter target placed downstream of the crystal, was proposed as a scheme which could overcome the problem. This paper describes the development of an intense positron source with the hybrid target. A series of experiments on positron generation with the hybrid target has been carried out with a 8-GeV electron beam at the KEKB linac. We observed that positron yield from the hybrid target increased when the incident electron beam was aligned to the crystal axis and exceeded the one from the conventional target with the converter target of the same thickness, when its thickness is less than about 2 radiation length. The measurements in the temperature rise of the amorphous converter target was successfully carried out by use of thermocouples. These results lead to establishment to the evaluation of the hybrid target as an intense positron source.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-23
Number of pages7
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 15


  • Crystal channeling
  • Electron and positron linear accelerators
  • Positron source


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