Development of high resolution phoswich depth-of-interaction block detectors utilizing Mg co-doped new scintillators

Takahiro Kobayashi, Seiichi Yamamoto, Jung Yeol Yeom, Kei Kamada, Akira Yoshikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


To correct for parallax error in positron emission tomography (PET), phoswich depth-of-interaction (DOI) detector using multiple scintillators with different decay times is a practical approach. However not many scintillator combinations suitable for phoswich DOI detector have been reported. Ce doped Gd3Ga3Al2O12 (GFAG) is a newly developed promising scintillator for PET detector, which has high density, high light output, appropriate light emission wavelength for silicon-photomultiplier (Si-PM) and faster decay time than that of Ce doped Gd3Al2Ga3O12 (GAGG). In this study, we developed a Si-PM based phoswich DOI block detector of GFAG with GAGG crystal arrays and evaluated its performance. We assembled a GFAG block and a GAGG block and they were optically coupled in depth direction to form a phoswich detector block. The phoswich block was optically coupled to a Si-PM array with a 1 mm thick light guide. The sizes of the GFAG and GAGG pixels were 0.9 mm x 0.9 mm x 7.5 mm and they were arranged into 24 x 24 matrix with 0.1 mm thick BaSO4 as reflector. We conducted the performance evaluation for two types of configurations; GFAG block arranged in upper layer (GFAG/GAGG) and GAGG arranged in upper layer (GAGG/GFAG). The measured two dimensional position histograms of these block detectors showed good separation and pulse shape spectra produced two distinct peaks for both configurations although some difference in energy spectra were observed. These results indicate phoswich block detectors composed of GFAG and GAGG are promising for high resolution DOI PET systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-118
Number of pages8
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec 11


  • DOI
  • GFAG
  • PET
  • Phoswich


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