Development of LuAG-based scintillator crystals - A review

M. Nikl, A. Yoshikawa, K. Kamada, K. Nejezchleb, C. R. Stanek, J. A. Mares, K. Blazek

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

245 Citations (Scopus)


A review of research and development of Lu3Al5O 12 (LuAG)-based single crystal scintillators is presented. Crystals of this type have been prepared by the micro-pulling down method at the initial stage of material screening and by Czochralski or Bridgman methods to obtain higher quality and larger size single crystals afterward. Several different activators, namely Ce3+, Pr3+, Yb3+ and Sc 3+ have been reported in the literature and such doped LuAG single crystals have been extensively studied to understand a number of issues, including: the scintillation mechanism, underlying energy transfer and trapping processes including the nature and role of material defects involved in the scintillation process and their relation to manufacturing technology. Significant improvements in the understanding of aluminum garnet scintillators lead to the discovery of multicomponent garnet single crystal scintillators in 2011, which are described. These materials gave rise to new class of ultraefficient complex oxide scintillators, the light yield of which considerably exceeds the values achieved for the best Ce-doped orthosilicate scintillators.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-72
Number of pages26
JournalProgress in Crystal Growth and Characterization of Materials
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jun


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