This paper describes a concise synthesis of six- to eight-membered α,α′-substituted cyclic ethers by exploiting diastereoselective ring-closing metathesis (RCM) of 1,4-pentadien-3-yl ether derivatives. The RCM precursors could be efficiently prepared via a vinylation of the corresponding α-acetoxy ether derivatives using divinylzinc. Diastereoselective RCM of 1,4-pentadien-3-yl ether derivatives afforded a series of six- to eight-membered α,α′-substituted cyclic ethers with moderate to good diastereoselectivity. The stereochemical consequence of the diastereoselective RCM appeared to be dependent on the structure of the ring being forged. The diastereoselectivity of six- and seven-membered cyclic ethers appeared to be largely under kinetic control irrespective of the catalyst reactivity, whereas that of an eight-membered cyclic ether could be controlled by the catalyst reactivity. Finally, the diastereoselective RCM chemistry was applied to the synthesis of a biotin-tagged photoactivatable derivative of gambierol.