Difference characteristics of sea surface temperature observed by GLI and AMSR aboard ADEOS-II

Kohtaro Hosoda, Hiroshi Murakami, Akira Shibata, Futoki Sakaida, Hiroshi Kawamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


This study compares infrared and microwave measurements of sea surface temperature (SST) obtained by a single satellite. The simultaneous observation from the Global Imager (GLI: infrared) and the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer (AMSR: microwave) aboard the Advanced Earth Observing Satellite-II (ADEOS-II) provided an opportunity for the intercomparison. The GLI-and AMSR-derived SSTs from April to October 2003 are analyzed with other ancillary data including surface wind speed and water vapor retrieved by AMSR and SeaWinds on ADEOS-II. We found no measurable bias (defined as GLI minus AMSR), while the standard deviation of difference is less than 1°C. In low water vapor conditions, the GLI SST has a positive bias less than 0.2°C, and in high water vapor conditions, it has a negative (positive) bias during the daytime (nighttime). The low spatial resolution of AMSR is another factor underlying the geographical distribution of the differences. The cloud detection problem in the GLI algorithm also affects the difference. The large differences in high-latitude region during the nighttime might be due to the GLI cloud-detection algorithm. AMSR SST has a negative bias during the daytime with low wind speed (less than 7 ms-1), which might be related to the correction for surface wind effects in the AMSR SST algorithm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-350
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Oceanography
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jun


  • Infrared SST
  • Microwave SST
  • Satellite observation


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