Difference in elastic properties of CrB2 determined by microscopic and macroscopic measurements

Katsushi Tanaka, Satoshi Tsutsui, Norihiko L. Okamoto, Haruyuki Inui, Alfred Q.R. Baron

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


CrB2 possess the hexagonal AlB2 structure which belongs to the spacegroup of P6/mmm. The compound exhibits para- to antiferro-magnetic transition at about 88 K. By using a macroscopic measurement technique, that is, a conventional resonant ultrasound spectroscopy (RUS) with a millimeter size mono-crystal, significant elastic anomalies have been observed just above the magnetic transition temperature. On the other hand, elastic constants determined by a microscopic measurement technique, that is, an inelastic X-ray scattering method (BL35XU of SPring-8, Japan) do not show any elastic anomalies at around the transition temperature. In order to explain the discrepancy, we have introduced a kind of so called ΔE effect resulting from a multidomain structure. If crystal lattice is slightly deformed by a spontaneous magnetostriction in the antiferromagnetic state, the symmetry of crystal lattice is lowered from hexagonal to monoclinic when the symmetry of magnetic structure is taken into account. By the lowering of the symmetry, the crystal consists of six magnetic domains in the antiferro magnetic state. If magnetic domain boundaries move in response to externally applied stresses, the mechanical deformation is absorbed by nonelastic deformations induced by the movement of magnetic domain boundaries. This multidomain model well explains the experimental results obtained by both microscopic (X-ray) and macroscopic (ultrasound) measurements. The microscopic measurement technique is useful to obtain the true elastic properties of crystal lattice without effects coming from a multidomain structure.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvanced Materials Exploration with Neutrons and Synchrotron X-Rays
PublisherMaterials Research Society
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9781632661180
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes
Event2012 MRS Fall Meeting - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: 2012 Nov 252012 Nov 30

Publication series

NameMaterials Research Society Symposium Proceedings
ISSN (Print)0272-9172


Other2012 MRS Fall Meeting
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityBoston, MA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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