Diffusion Behavior of Mn and Si Between Liquid Oxide Inclusions and Solid Iron-Based Alloy at 1473 K

Sun Joong Kim, Hanae Tago, Kyung Ho Kim, Shin ya Kitamura, Hiroyuki Shibata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


In order to clarify the changes in the composition of oxide inclusions in steel, the effect of the metal and oxide composition on the reaction between solid Fe-based alloys and liquid multi-component oxides was investigated using the diffusion couple method at 1473 K. The measured concentration gradients of Mn and Si in the metal indicated that Mn diffused into the metal from the oxide, while the diffusion of Si occurred in the opposite direction. In addition, the MnO content in the oxide decreased with heat treatment time, while the SiO2 content increased. The compositional changes in both phases indicated that the Mn content in the metal near the interface increased with heat treatment with decreasing MnO content in the oxide. Assuming local equilibrium at the interface, the calculated [Mn]2/[Si] ratio at the interface in equilibrium with the oxide increased with increases in the MnO/SiO2 ratio in the oxide. The difference in the [Mn]2/[Si] ratios between the interface and the metal matrix increased, which caused the diffusion of Mn and Si between the multi-component oxide and metal. By measuring the diffusion lengths of Mn and Si in the metal, the chemical diffusion coefficients of Mn and Si were obtained to calculate the composition changes in Mn and Si in the metal. The calculated changes in Mn and Si in the metal agreed with the experimental results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)977-987
Number of pages11
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jun 1


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