Direct-current voltages in (Ga,Mn)As structures induced by ferromagnetic resonance

Lin Chen, Fumihiro Matsukura, Hideo Ohno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

87 Citations (Scopus)


Spin pumping is the phenomenon that magnetization precession in a ferromagnetic layer under ferromagnetic resonance produces a pure spin current in an adjacent non-magnetic layer. The pure spin current is converted to a charge current by the spin-orbit interaction, and produces a d.c. voltage in the non-magnetic layer, which is called the inverse spin Hall effect. The combination of spin pumping and inverse spin Hall effect has been utilized to determine the spin Hall angle of the non-magnetic layer in various ferromagnetic/non-magnetic systems. Magnetization dynamics of ferromagnetic resonance also produces d.c. voltage in the ferromagnetic layer through galvanomagnetic effects. Here we show a method to separate voltages of different origins using (Ga,Mn)As/p-GaAs as a model system, where sizable galvanomagnetic effects are present. Neglecting the galvanomagnetic effects can lead to an overestimate of the spin Hall angle by factor of 8, indicating that separating the d.c. voltages of different origins is critical.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2055
JournalNature Communications
Publication statusPublished - 2013


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