LiMn1.5Ni0.5O4 is an excellent candidate as a cathode-active material in high-voltage lithium-ion batteries and studied using atomic resolution scanning transmission electron microscope. High-angle annular dark-field (HAADF) images obtained at  orientation demonstrate that Mn and Ni atoms are regularly ordered at octahedral sites in a spinel structure, in a 3:1 ratio between columns with high and low intensities. Simulations of HAADF images revealed that atomic columns including Mn exhibit a larger intensity than that by Ni columns, primarily because of the effect of the Debye- Waller factor.
- Debye-Waller factor
- High-angle annular dark-field image
- Lithium-ion battery
- Mn and Ni ordering
- Scanning transmission electron microscopy