Dissipation of magnetic fields in star-forming clouds with different metallicities

Hajime Susa, Kentaro Doi, Kazuyuki Omukai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


We study the dissipation process of magnetic fields in the metallicity range 0-1 Z for contracting prestellar cloud cores. By solving non-equilibrium chemistry for important charged species, including charged grains, we evaluate the drift velocity of the magnetic-field lines with respect to the gas. We find that the magnetic flux dissipates in the density range 1012 cm-3 ≲ n H ≲ 1017 cm-3 for the solar-metallicity case at the scale of the core, which is assumed to be the Jeans scale. The dissipation density range becomes narrower for lower metallicity. The magnetic field is always frozen to the gas below metallicity ≲ 10-7-10-6 Z, depending on the ionization rate by cosmic rays and/or radioactivity. With the same metallicity, the dissipation density range becomes wider for lower ionization rates. The presence of such a dissipative regime is expected to cause various dynamical phenomena in protostellar evolution such as the suppression of jet/outflow launching and the fragmentation of circumstellar disks depending on the metallicity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Mar 1


  • magnetohydrodynamics (MHD)
  • stars: Population II
  • stars: Population III
  • stars: magnetic field

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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