Distal myopathy with rimmed vacuoles is allelic to hereditary inclusion body myopathy

Ichizo Nishino, S. Noguchi, K. Murayama, A. Driss, K. Sugie, Y. Oya, T. Nagata, K. Chida, T. Takahashi, Y. Takusa, T. Ohi, J. Nishimiya, N. Sunohara, E. Ciafaloni, M. Kawai, M. Aoki, I. Nonaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

205 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Distal myopathy with rimmed vacuoles (DMRV) is an autosomal-recessive disorder with preferential involvement of the tibialis anterior muscle that starts in young adulthood and spares quadriceps muscles. The disease locus has been mapped to chromosome 9p1-q1, the same region as the hereditary inclusion body myopathy (HIBM) locus. HIBM was originally described as rimmed vacuole myopathy sparing the quadriceps; therefore, the two diseases have been suspected to be allelic. Recently, HIBM was shown to be associated with the mutations in the gene encoding the bifunctional enzyme, UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 2-epimerase/N-acetylmannosamine kinase (GNE). Objective: To determine whether DMRV and HIBM are allelic. Methods: The GNE gene was sequenced in 34 patients with DMRV. The epimerase activity in lymphocytes from eight DMRV patients was also measured. Results: The authors identified 27 unrelated DMRV patients with homozygous or compound-heterozygous mutations in the GNE gene. DMRV patients had markedly decreased epimerase activity. Conclusions: DMRV is allelic to HIBM. Various mutations are associated with DMRV in Japan. The loss-of-function mutations in the GNE gene appear to cause DMRV/HIBM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1689-1693
Number of pages5
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Dec 10


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