Clustering of volcanic centers, low-velocity regions in the mantle wedge and local negative Bouguer gravity anomalies along the rear of the volcanic arc are closely correlated in Northeast Japan. These observations may be best explained by the presence of inclined, finger-like, hot regions in the mantle wedge of the subduction zone. These fingers, perpendicular to the arc-trench system in the Northeast Japan arc, have an average separation of ∼80 km and an average width of 50 km. Each of ten fingers extends from the deep mantle (>150 km) below the back-arc region toward the shallower mantle (∼50 km) beneath the volcanic front. Quaternary volcanoes are built immediately above the hot mantle fingers. Volcanic basements are uplifted by repeated injection of magmas into the crust, accompanied by Quaternary volcanic activity on the surface. Although volcanic activity is rare along the Japan Sea coast, the hot mantle fingers exist within the mantle wedge as evidenced by tomographic results. The negative Bouguer anomalies at the rear of the volcanic arc could be caused by magmas supplied from the hot mantle fingers, which have not yet been erupted, but may have accumulated at the Moho discontinuity.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the Japan Academy Series B: Physical and Biological Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - 2001 Sept|
- Mantle wedge
- Quaternary volcano
- Subduction zone
- Volcano spacing