Diversity of dark matter density profiles in the galactic dwarf spheroidal satellites

Kohei Hayashi, Masashi Chiba, Tomoaki Ishiyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


The core-cusp problem is one of the controversial issues in the standard paradigm of Λ cold dark matter (ΛCDM) theory. However, under the assumption of conventional spherical symmetry, the strong degeneracy among model parameters makes it unclear whether dwarf spheroidal (dSph) galaxies indeed have cored dark matter density profiles at their centers. In this work, we revisit this problem using nonspherical mass models, which have the advantage of being able to alleviate the degeneracy. Applying our mass models to the currently available kinematic data of the eight classical dSphs, we find that within finite uncertainties, most of these dSphs favor cusped central profiles rather than cored ones. In particular, Draco has a cusped dark matter halo with high probability even considering a prior bias. We also find the diversity of the inner slopes in their dark matter halos. To clarify the origin of this diversity, we investigate the relation between the inner dark matter density slope and stellar-to-halo mass ratio for the sample dSphs and find that this relation is generally in agreement with the predictions from recent ΛCDM and hydrodynamical simulations. We also find that the simulated subhalos have an anticorrelation between the dark matter density at 150 pc and pericenter distance, which is consistent with the observed one. We estimate their astrophysical factors for dark matter indirect searches and circular velocity profiles associated with huge uncertainties. To more precisely estimate their dark matter profiles, wide-field spectroscopic surveys for the dSphs are essential.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberabbe0a
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov 20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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