DNA-binding small-ligand-immobilized surface plasmon resonance biosensor for detecting thymine-related single-nucleotide polymorphisms

Sara Miura, Seiichi Nishizawa, Akinori Suzuki, Yukiko Fujimoto, Katsuya Ono, Qiang Gao, Norio Teramae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


A surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensor that carries DNA-binding small ligands has been developed for the detection of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). 3,5-Diaminopyrazine derivatives, with a hydrogen-bonding profile fully complementary to the thymine base, were utilized as recognition elements on the sensor surface, and a target single-stranded DNA sequence was hybridized with a DNA probe containing an abasic site to place this site opposite a nucleobase to be detected. In a continuous flow of sample solutions buffered to pH 6.4 (0.25 M NaCl), the 3,5-diaminopyrazine-based SPR sensor can detect an orphan nucleobase in the duplex with a clear selectivity for thymine over cytosine, guanine, and adenine (5'-GTT GGA GCT GXG GGC GTA GGC-3'/3'-CAA CCT CGA CNC CCG CAT CCG-5'; X=abasic site, N=target nucleobase G, C, A, or T). The SPR response was linear in the concentration range 10-100 nM. Allele discrimination is possible based on the combination of different binding surfaces in a flow cell of the SPR system, which is demonstrated for the analysis of the thymine/cytosine mutation present in 63-meric polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification products (Ha-ras gene, codon 12, antisense strand). Comparison with a bulk assay based on 3,5-diaminopyrazine/DNA binding shows that the immobilization of 3,5-diaminopyrazine derivatives on the SPR sensor allows more sensitive detection of the target DNA sequence, and binding selectivity can be tuned by controlling the salt concentration of sample solutions. These features of the DNA-binding small-molecule-immobilized SPR sensor are discussed as a basis for the design of SPR biosensors for SNP genotyping.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14104-14110
Number of pages7
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Issue number50
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Dec 9


  • DNA recognition
  • analytical methods
  • biosensors
  • ligand design
  • surface plasmon resonance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Organic Chemistry


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