Does a proton bubble structure exist in the low-lying states of 34Si?

J. M. Yao, H. Mei, Z. P. Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


The possible existence of a "bubble" structure in the proton density of 34Si has recently attracted a lot of research interest. To examine the existence of the "bubble" structure in low-lying states, we establish a relativistic version of configuration mixing of both particle-number and angular-momentum projected quadrupole deformed mean-field states and apply this state-of-the-art beyond relativistic mean-field method to study the density distribution of the low-lying states in 34Si. An excellent agreement with the data of low-spin spectrum and electric multipole transition strengths is achieved without introducing any parameters. We find that the central depression in the proton density is quenched by dynamic quadrupole shape fluctuation, but not as significantly as what has been found in a beyond non-relativistic mean-field study. Our results suggest that the existence of proton "bubble" structure in the low-lying excited 02+ and 21+ states is very unlikely.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)459-463
Number of pages5
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Issue number4-5
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jun 25
Externally publishedYes


  • Beyond mean-field approximation
  • Covariant density functional theory
  • Density distribution
  • Low-lying states

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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