Dose-dependent effect of pitavastatin on VEGF and angiogenesis in a mouse model of choroidal neovascularization

Hadi J. Zambarakji, Toru Nakazawa, Edward Connolly, Anne Marie Lane, Sreedevi Mallemadugula, Michael Kaplan, Norman Michaud, Ali Hafezi-Moghadam, Evangelos S. Gragoudas, Joan W. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


PURPOSE. To evaluate the relation between statin therapy, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression, vascular leakage, and CNV size in experimentally induced choroidal neovascularization (CNV). METHODS. Wild-type (C57 Bl/6J) mice received pitavastatin 0.18 mg/kg per day (group 1), 1.8 mg/kg per day (group 2) or 18 mg/kg per day (group 3) for 3 days before laser-induced CNV and continued to receive the drug for 14 days. Serum total cholesterol levels were measured by spectrophotometry. Fluorescein angiograms were graded by masked observers. VEGF protein levels from retinal lysates were measured and CNV area was assessed by histology. RESULTS. Pitavastatin did not reduce total serum cholesterol at any of the doses used. The incidence rate ratios for development of clinically significant CNV leakage was 0.62 (95% CI, 0.46-0.84) for group 1, 0.56 (95% CI, 0.28 -1.10) for group 2, and 1.22 (95% CI, 1.01-1.48) for group 3 (P = 0.002, 0.09, and 0.04, respectively). Mean CNV area increased by 13%, 22%, and 95% in groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively (P > 0.05). Normalized VEGF levels did not mirror the observed changes in fluorescein leakage and CNV area in histologic examination. CONCLUSIONS. Pitavastatin therapy for experimental CNV in wild-type mice resulted in reduced fluorescein leakage at a dose of 0.18 mg/kg per day. The higher dose of 18 mg/kg per day resulted in increased fluorescein leakage and a trend toward an increase in CNV size, indicating a potentiating effect in choroidal neovascular disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2623-2631
Number of pages9
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jun


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