We investigated the preparation of polymer nanoparticles covered with phosphorylcholine (PC) groups and the immobilization of proteins in order to observe dual mode bioreactions on the nanoparticles. For the surface modification on the nanoparticles, a water-soluble amphiphilic phospholipid polymer with PC groups as a hydrophilic moiety was synthesized. In this polymer, an active ester group, which can immobilize proteins, was introduced. Using the phospholipid polymer as a solubilizer, poly(l-lactic acid) nanoparticles were prepared from its methylene chloride solution in an aqueous medium by the solvent evaporation method. The diameter of the nanoparticles was ca. 200 nm and the surface was covered with the PC groups and active ester groups. Proteins could immobilize on the nanoparticles under mild conditions by the reaction between the active ester group and amino group in the proteins. Both an antibody and enzyme were immobilized on the nanoparticles and bioreactions such as the antigen/antibody reaction and enzymatic reaction were observed. When an antigen was added to the suspension of the nanoparticles, aggregation of the nanoparticles occurred and then they precipitated. Also, the enzymatic reaction proceeded well when the enzyme substrate was added to the suspension. Based on these results, we provided polymer nanoparticles functionalized with both the antibody and enzyme, and the dual mode bioreactions could occur. We concluded that the novel polymer nanoparticles could be used for nano-/micro-scaled diagnostic and medical treatment systems.
- Phospholipid polymer
- Polymer nanoparticles