The present work is devoted to an investigation of the formation kinetics, stability and homogeneity area of the nanoscale icosahedral phase formed on heating in the dual-phase glassy/quasicrystalline phase Cu-Zr-Ti-Pd alloys. The data obtained indicate that the Cu-Zr-Ti-Pd icosahedral phase is not a Cu-rich part of the compositional homogeneity area of the Zr-Cu-Pd one. Moreover, Ti, as well as Pd, is found to be an important element stabilizing quasicrystalline phase in the Cu-Zr-Ti-Pd alloys. The formation criteria for Cu- and Zr/Hf-based icosahedral phases are discussed based on the quasilattice constant to average atomic diameter ratio. Deviation from a certain ratio leads to destabilization of the icosahedral phase. By using the isothermal calorimetry traces transformation kinetics above and below the glass-transition region was analyzed. Some difference in the transformation kinetics above and below the glass-transition region allows us to suggest that possible structure changes occur upon glass-transition.
- Bulk metallic glasses
- Differential scanning calorimetry
- Transmission electron microscopy