Dual polar graphs, a nil-DAHA of rank one, and non-symmetric dual q-Krawtchouk polynomials

Jae Ho Lee, Hajime Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Let G be a dual polar graph with diameter D≥3, having as vertices the maximal isotropic subspaces of a finite-dimensional vector space over the finite field Fq equipped with a non-degenerate form (alternating, quadratic, or Hermitian) with Witt index D. From a pair of a vertex x of T and a maximal clique C containing x, we construct a 2D-dimensional irreducible module for a nil-DAHA of type (Cv1,C1), and establish its connection to the generalized Terwilliger algebra with respect to x, C. Using this module, we then define the non-symmetric dual q-Krawtchouk polynomials and derive their recurrence and orthogonality relations from the combinatorial points of view. We note that our results do not depend essentially on the particular choice of the pair x, C, and that all the formulas are described in terms of q, D, and one other scalar which we assign to Г based on the type of the form.

Original languageEnglish
Article number009
JournalSymmetry, Integrability and Geometry: Methods and Applications (SIGMA)
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 10


  • Dual polar graph
  • Dual q-krawtchouk polynomial
  • Leonard system
  • Nil-DAHA
  • Terwilliger algebra


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