Ductilization of Ni3Al by alloying with substitutional elements

A. Chiba, S. Hanada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


This paper reviews recent research on ductility improvement of B-undoped Ni3Al alloys. Ni3Al binary alloys with hypostoichiometric compositions show appreciable ductility at room temperature when the samples are prepared by recrystallization annealing after cold pressing, although the alloys with stoichiometric and hyperstoichiometric compositions remain brittle. Melt-spun ribbons with hypostoichiometric compositions contain fine anti-phase domains (APDs), while no APD can be seen in melt-spun ribbons with a hyperstoichiometric composition. The ductility in hypostoichiometric Ni3Al alloys is associated with low ordering energy of the alloys. The addition of ternary elements, which have been classified as γ formers such as Pd, Pt, Cu, Co and Ag, improves ductility of Ni3Al alloys. Correspondingly, the microstructure of the melt-spun ribbons consists of fine APDs. The addition of γ′ formers such as Si, Ti, Zr, V, Nb and Ta leads to brittle intergranular fracture. No APD was observed in the melt-spun ribbons of these ternary alloys.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-399
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Science and Technology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1993 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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