Dust Devil Formation

S. Rafkin, B. Jemmett-Smith, L. Fenton, R. Lorenz, T. Takemi, J. Ito, D. Tyler

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


The essential dynamical characteristic of convective vortices, including dust devils, is a highly localized vorticity tube that extends into the vertical. This chapter is concerned with both the generation of vorticity and the subsequent focusing of that vorticity into a tight vortex, and with the environmental conditions that are conducive to the formation of convective vortices in general and dust devils in particular. A review of observations, theory, and modeling of dust devil formation is provided.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-207
Number of pages25
JournalSpace Science Reviews
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Nov 1


  • Atmospheric dynamics
  • Dust devils
  • Earth atmosphere
  • Mars atmosphere


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