We present optical spectroscopic and photometric observations of Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) 2006X from 10 d before the B-band maximum to 91 d after. This object exhibits one of the highest expansion velocities ever published for SNe Ia. At its premaximum phases, the spectra show strong and broad features of intermediate-mass elements, such as Si, S, Ca, and Mg, while the O I λ7773 line is weak. The extremely high velocities of the Si II and S II lines and the weak feature of the O I line suggest that an intense nucleosynthesis might take place in the outer layers, favoring a delayed detonation model. Interestingly, the Si II λ5972 feature is quite shallow, resulting in an unusually low depth ratio of Si ii λ5972 to Si ii λ6355, R(Si ii). The low R(Si ii) is usually interpreted as being a high photospheric temperature. However, the weak Si iii λ4560 line suggests a low temperature, in contradiction with an interpretation on the low R(Si ii). This could imply that the Si ii λ5972 line might be contaminated by underlying emission. We propose that R(Si ii) may not be a good temperature indicator for a rapidly expanding SN Ia in the premaximum phases.
- Individual (SN 2006X)