Effect of acidity of ZSM-5 zeolite on conversion of ethanol to propylene

Yoshiyasu Furumoto, Yasumitsu Harada, Nao Tsunoji, Atsushi Takahashi, Tadahiro Fujitani, Yusuke Ide, Masahiro Sadakane, Tsuneji Sano

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74 Citations (Scopus)


Protonated ZSM-5 zeolites (HZSM-5(M), M = Al, Ga, and Fe) having different acid strengths were prepared under various synthesis conditions, and the effect of acidity of the ZSM-5 zeolite on the conversion of ethanol to propylene was investigated in detail. HZSM-5(Ga) and HZSM-5(Al) showed high propylene yields. However, HZSM-5(Fe) yielded ethylene instead of propylene, i.e., only dehydration of ethanol occurred on HZSM-5(Fe). These results indicate that the acid strength is a crucial factor for the selective production of propylene. In other words, for successful selective conversion of ethanol to propylene, HZSM-5(M) zeolites must contain acid sites with an acid strength that is more than that of HZSM-5(Ga). It was also found that phosphorous-modified HZSM-5(Ga) zeolite exhibited an improved propylene yield relative to the unmodified zeolite and that the modification considerably enhanced the catalytic stability because of the suppression of both elimination of framework gallium and coke deposition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)262-267
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2011 May 31


  • Acidity
  • Ethanol
  • Phosphorous
  • Propylene
  • ZSM-5


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