Effect of calcium phosphate phases affecting the crosstalk between osteoblasts and osteoclasts in vitro

Yukari Shiwaku, Kaori Tsuchiya, Linghao Xiao, Osamu Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Previous studies have reported that octacalcium phosphate (OCP) enhances osteoblast differentiation and osteoclast formation during the hydrolysis process to hydroxyapatite (HA). However, the crystal phases that affect the crosstalk between osteoclasts and osteoblasts are unknown, which should determine the bone substitute material's property of OCP. The present study was designed to investigate whether the chemical composition and crystal structure of calcium phosphates affect osteoclast formation and the osteoclast–osteoblast crosstalk. Biodegradable β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) was used as the control material. Osteoclasts were cultured on HA/OCP or HA/TCP disks and their cellular responses were assessed. Both OCP and β-TCP had a similar ability to create multinucleated osteoclasts. However, OCP promoted the expression of complement component 3a (C3a), a positive coupling factor, in osteoclasts, whereas β-TCP enhanced that of EphrinB2 (EfnB2) and collagen triple helix repeat containing 1 (Cthrc1). During osteoclast culture, phosphate ions were released from the crystals, and OCP-HA conversion was advanced in HA/OCP mixtures and OCP. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed no remarkable changes in the crystal structures of HA/TCP mixtures and β-TCP before and after osteoclast culture. These results indicate that the distinct chemical environment induced by the calcium phosphate phases affects the crosstalk between osteoclasts and osteoblasts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1001-1013
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2019 May


  • hydroxyapatite
  • octacalcium phosphate
  • osteoclast–osteoblast crosstalk
  • β-tricalcium phosphate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys


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