Effect of carbenoxolone on arrhythmogenesis in rat ventricular muscle

Masahito Miura, Tsuyoshi Nagano, Naomi Murai, Yuhto Taguchi, Tetsuya Handoh, Minami Satoh, Satoshi Miyata, Lawson Miller, Chiyohiko Shindoh, Bruno D. Stuyvers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Connexin43 (Cx43) is a major connexin that forms gap junction (GJ) channels in the heart and is also present in the cell membrane as unopposed/non-junctional hemichannels and in the inner mitochondrial membrane. By using carbenoxolone (CBX), a blocker of Cx43, the effect of the blockade of Cx43 on Ca2+ waves and triggered arrhythmias in the myocardium with non-uniform contraction was examined. Methods and Results: Trabeculae were obtained from rat hearts. Force, [Ca2+]i, and the diffusion coefficient were measured. Non-uniform contraction was produced with a 2,3-butanedione monoxime jet. Ca2+ waves were induced by electrical stimulation. Inducibility of arrhythmias was estimated based on the minimal [Ca2+]o at which arrhythmias were induced. The Ca2+spark rate was measured in isolated single rat ventricular myocytes. CBX reduced the GJ permeability, whereas it did not change force and [Ca2+]i transients. CBX increased the Ca2+ leak from the sarcoplasmic reticulum in trabeculae and increased the Ca2+ spark rate in isolated single myocytes. CBX increased the velocity of Ca2+ waves and further increased the inducibility of arrhythmias. Modulation of mitochondrial KATP channels by diazoxide, cromakalim and 5-hydroxydecanoic acid affected the inducibility of arrhythmias increased by CBX. Conclusions: These results suggest that in diseased hearts, Cx43 plays an important role in the occurrence of triggered arrhythmias, probably under the modulation of mitochondrial KATP channels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-84
Number of pages9
JournalCirculation Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Dec 25


  • Calcium
  • Carbenoxolone
  • Connexin43
  • Diazoxide


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