We examined combination therapy with both lactoferrin (Lf) and antibiotics on clinical mastitis due to Staphylococcus aureus (S.aureus) on drying cows. The clinical symptoms of mastitic quarters were cured 81% of combination therapeutic quarters at 7 days post injection (dpi). Moreover, most of mammary gland secretions (MGSs) in combination therapeutic quarters were normal at 7 days after parturition. In the quarters with combination therapy, S.aureus counts, Lf concentrations and content rate of concanavalin A (Con A) low-affinity Lf decreased and were lower than in the quarters treated with Lf or antibiotics alone. The mRNA expression of tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) of the quarters with combination therapy also decreased and was lower than that of the Lf or antibiotics treated. The mRNA expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines in bovine mammary gland epithelial lined cells (BMEC) stimulated with Lf were lower than those of Con A low-affinity Lf stimulated BMEC. Moreover, Lf showed an inhibitory effect to the induction of pro-inflammatory cytokine mRNA expression when co-stimulated with Lf and Con A low-affinity Lf. Nuclear factor kappa B (NFκB) activation was also induced with Con A low-affinity Lf, and the inhibitory effects of Lf were also confirmed on BMEC co-stimulated with Lf and Con A low-affinity Lf. These results indicated that the efficacy of combination therapy with antibiotics and Lf caused antibacterial effect of antibiotics and inhibition of pro-inflammatory cytokine and chemokine production with Lf via the inhibition of NFκB activation.
- Nuclear factor κ B
- Staphylococcus aureus