We investigated whether the combination treatment of 15 cGy total body irradiation (TBI) and a streptococcal preparation, OK-432, synergistically suppresses spontaneous lung metastasis and augments phytohemagglutinin (PHA) and concanavalin A (Con A) responses of splenocytes in WHT/Ht mice. TBI with 15 cGy was carried out 20 days after subcutaneous injection of squamous cell carcinoma cells into a hind leg. Lung colony number was counted 40 days after tumor injection. For PHA and Con A responses, mice were killed 4 hr after 15 cGy TBI. The combination treatment of 15 cGy TBI and OK-432 was most effective when OK-432 was administered 2 days before 15 cGy TBI. The combination treatment decreased the lung colony number to 29.9% of the control number. OK-432 slightly increased the PHA and Con A responses, and 15 cGy TBI did not increase them. However, when these two were combined, the PHA and Con A responses were significantly increased to 393% and 278% of the control levels, respectively. It was suggested that TBI and OK-432 acted synergistically in suppressing the lung metastasis and mitogenic response of splenocytes.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Radiation Oncology Investigations|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
- Low-dose irradiation
- Lung metastasis
- Mitogenic response
- Total body irradiation