Alumina-forming oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) superalloys are favorable oxidation-resistant materials for extremely high temperature applications. In order to develop the advanced Co-based superalloys with high strength and superior oxidation resistance at elevated temperature of 1000C, a new series of Co-Cr-Al ODS superalloys were designed and fabricated by mechanical alloying (MA) and spark plasma sintering (SPS), and then followed by hot rolling and annealing at 1200C. In this work, the oxidation behavior of Co-10Al (mass%) ODS superalloys with/without 20Cr was investigated at 1000C in air to understand the effect of Cr on oxidation resistance. The results indicate that the addition of Cr improves the oxidation resistance significantly through optimizing the oxide scales from the multilevel scales with an external CoO/CoAl2O4 and an internal Al2O3 to a single layer of Al2O3. The alumina-forming Co-20Cr-10Al (mass%) ODS superalloys are expected to be applicable at 1000C.
- Electron probe micro-analyzer
- High-temperature oxidation
- Oxide dispersion strengthened superalloys