Effect of Fe3C on carburization and smelting behavior of reduced iron in blast furnace

Kotaro Sato, Takuro Noguchi, Takahiro Miki, Yasushi Sasaki, Mitsutaka Hino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Suppression of CO2 discharged from iron- and steel- making companies is an example of the biggest issues for the protection of global environment and sustainable growth of steelmaking industry. One of the efforts made to decrease the emission of CO2 in ironmaking process is blowing of hydrogen gas into blast furnace. Hydrogen gas can reduce iron oxide and form harmless H2O. Cementite (Fe3C) may be formed by introduction of hydrogen into blast furnace and play an important role on carburization and smelting behavior of reduced iron. The conditions that Fe 3C was formed were experimentally determined by changing CO-CO 2-H2 gas composition in the present work. As the result, it was found that there is a possibility of Fe3C formation by hydrogen gas introduction into blast furnace. Therefore, the effect of Fe 3C on smelting behavior of reduced iron was also observed, and it was confirmed that the presence of Fe3C will have positive effect on enhancing carburization and smelting of reduced iron.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1269-1273
Number of pages5
JournalISIJ International
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Aug 15


  • Carburization of iron
  • Cementite
  • Hydrogen introduction into blast furnace
  • Reduction of iron ore
  • Smelting of iron


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