TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of fineness ratios of 0.75–2.0 on aerodynamic drag of freestream-aligned circular cylinders measured using a magnetic suspension and balance system

AU - Nonomura, Taku

AU - Sato, Keiichiro

AU - Fukata, Keita

AU - Nagaike, Hayato

AU - Okuizumi, Hiroyuki

AU - Konishi, Yasufumi

AU - Asai, Keisuke

AU - Sawada, Hideo

N1 - Funding Information:
Acknowledgements This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant number 16H04582.
Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.

PY - 2018/5/1

Y1 - 2018/5/1

N2 - The drag coefficients of freestream-aligned circular cylinders of fineness ratios of 0.75–2.0 were investigated with a magnetic suspension and balance system (MSBS). The objective was to find the critical geometry, that is, the fineness ratio at which the drag coefficient becomes the local maximum within this ratio range. The experiments were conducted using the 1-m MSBS at the low turbulence wind tunnel at the Institute of Fluid Science, Tohoku University. The drag and base pressure coefficients of various cylinders were measured. The freestream velocity was varied to produce flows with Reynolds numbers ranging from 0.6 × 10 5 to 1.0 × 10 5. The drag coefficient monotonically decreases as the fineness ratio increases and no critical geometry or local maximum of the drag coefficient is found in the range we investigated. The base pressure coefficient decreases as the fineness ratio increases. The temporal fluctuations of the base pressure of the models with fineness ratios of 0.75, 1.0, and 1.2 are approximately twice as large as that of the model with a ratio of 2.0. The relationship between the fineness ratio and the drag coefficient is similar to that between the fineness ratio and the base pressure coefficient, similar to the findings of previous studies of two-dimensional bodies.

AB - The drag coefficients of freestream-aligned circular cylinders of fineness ratios of 0.75–2.0 were investigated with a magnetic suspension and balance system (MSBS). The objective was to find the critical geometry, that is, the fineness ratio at which the drag coefficient becomes the local maximum within this ratio range. The experiments were conducted using the 1-m MSBS at the low turbulence wind tunnel at the Institute of Fluid Science, Tohoku University. The drag and base pressure coefficients of various cylinders were measured. The freestream velocity was varied to produce flows with Reynolds numbers ranging from 0.6 × 10 5 to 1.0 × 10 5. The drag coefficient monotonically decreases as the fineness ratio increases and no critical geometry or local maximum of the drag coefficient is found in the range we investigated. The base pressure coefficient decreases as the fineness ratio increases. The temporal fluctuations of the base pressure of the models with fineness ratios of 0.75, 1.0, and 1.2 are approximately twice as large as that of the model with a ratio of 2.0. The relationship between the fineness ratio and the drag coefficient is similar to that between the fineness ratio and the base pressure coefficient, similar to the findings of previous studies of two-dimensional bodies.

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U2 - 10.1007/s00348-018-2531-2

DO - 10.1007/s00348-018-2531-2

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85045262320

SN - 0723-4864

VL - 59

JO - Experiments in Fluids

JF - Experiments in Fluids

IS - 5

M1 - 77

ER -