The demagnetization process of a variety of Nd-Fe-B-based magnets produced using different manufacturing techniques are studied by soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism microscopy. The four magnets studied include a hot deformed magnet, sintered magnets produced from either a N2 jet-milled or a He jet-milled fine powder, and a magnet produced by hydrogenation-disproportionation-desorption-recombination (HDDR) followed by He jet-milling. The coercivity of the HDDR processed magnet is lower than the magnets produced with N2 jet-milled powder even though the size of the grains is smaller. By following the magnetic domain reversal behavior during the demagnetization process, it was found that, while the magnets produced with N2 jet-milled powder and the hot deformed magnet presents a predominance of the reversed magnetic domain propagation, in the HDDR processed magnet the nucleation of individual grains occurs before the reversed magnetic domains propagate. This behavior is associated with a decreased nucleation field of each grain.
- Demagnetization process
- Hydrogenation disproportionation desorption recombination
- Nd-Fe-B sintered magnet
- X-ray magnetic circular dichroism microscopy