Effect of kick velocity on the distribution of gamma-ray bursters

N. Terasawa, M. Hattori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The effect of kick velocity to newly born pulsars on the distribution of γ-ray bursters is examined in the context of a disk origin model and a halo model of γ-ray bursters. The conversion formula from a two-dimensional velocity distribution function to a three-dimensional distribution function is derived and applied to reproduce the distribution function of the kick velocity of radio pulsars. Monte Carlo simulations of the kicked neutron stars show that the disk neutron star model of γ-ray bursters still needs unnatural assumptions if the velocity distribution of the γ-ray bursters is the same as that of neutron stars - only neutron stars with very high kick velocities can become γ-ray bursters and there are silent majorities. On the other hand, the core radius of γ-ray bursters is not found to be extended by the kick velocity if the core-halo structure similar to the Galactic dark matter distribution is based on the initial distribution of the halo neutron stars. Thus the introduction of a kick velocity to neutron stars do not improve the statistics of neither the disk model nor the halo model. Two possibilities to save Galactic models are suggested: (1) The γ-ray bursters are old neutron stars which were accelerated to velocities faster than 750 km s-1 by jet propulsion and passed the death line for pulsars due to spin down from the rotational energy loss by jet ejection. (2) The initial distribution of neutron stars is fairly uniform and the extent of the halo is large enough for the halo model to be consistent with the observations. It implies that the initial star formation burst of the Galaxy occurred fairly uniformly in the extended halo region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-203
Number of pages7
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Sept 1


  • Dark matter
  • Galaxy: formation
  • Galaxy: halo
  • Gamma rays: bursts
  • Stars: neutron

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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