Effect of Light Quality on Metabolomic, Ionomic, and Transcriptomic Profiles in Tomato Fruit

Lingran Xiao, Tomoki Shibuya, Toshihiro Watanabe, Kazuhisa Kato, Yoshinori Kanayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Light quality affects plant growth and the functional component accumulation of fruits. However, there is little knowledge of the effects of light quality based on multiomics profiles. This study combined transcriptomic, ionomic, and metabolomic analyses to elucidate the effects of light quality on metabolism and gene expression in tomato fruit. Micro-Tom plants were grown under blue or red light-emitting diode light for 16 h daily after anthesis. White fluorescent light was used as a reference. The metabolite and element concentrations and the expression of genes markedly changed in response to blue and red light. Based on the metabolomic analysis, amino acid metabolism and secondary metabolite biosynthesis were active in blue light treatment. According to transcriptomic analysis, differentially expressed genes in blue and red light treatments were enriched in the pathways of secondary metabolite biosynthesis, carbon fixation, and glycine, serine, and threonine metabolism, supporting the results of the metabolomic analysis. Ionomic analysis indicated that the element levels in fruits were more susceptible to changes in light quality than in leaves. The concentration of some ions containing Fe in fruits increased under red light compared to under blue light. The altered expression level of genes encoding metal ion-binding proteins, metal tolerance proteins, and metal transporters in response to blue and red light in the transcriptomic analysis contributes to changes in the ionomic profiles of tomato fruit.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13288
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume23
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Nov

Keywords

  • ionome
  • light quality
  • metabolome
  • Micro-Tom
  • transcriptome

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