Photo- and thermally stimulated luminescence characteristics, as well as photostimulated defects creation processes are investigated in the 85–510 K temperature range for the Li+ co-doped single crystal of Gd3(Ga,Al)5O12:Ce (GAGG:Ce). The results for GAGG:Ce,Li are compared with the corresponding characteristics of the GAGG:Ce and GAGG:Ce, Mg single crystals of similar host composition. The influence of Li+ and Mg2+ ions on the Ce3+ - related emission band position, temperature dependence of the photoluminescence intensity, efficiency of the Gd3+ → Ce3+ energy transfer, intensity and decay kinetics of the afterglow, and thermally stimulated luminescence characteristics is revealed. The presence of the Ce3+ → Ce4+ conversion in GAGG:Ce,Li is confirmed. The conclusion is made that, unlike GAGG:Ce,Mg, the compensation of the Li+ excess negative charge in GAGG:Ce,Li occurs due to both the Ce3+ → Ce4+ conversion and the effective formation of intrinsic crystal lattice defects. The origin of these defects as well as the origin of the electron and hole trapping centers in the GAGG:Ce,Li crystal are discussed.
- Garnet crystals
- Lattice defects