Effect of mechanical properties of fillers on the grindability of composite resin adhesives

Masahiro Iijima, Takeshi Muguruma, William A. Brantley, Toshihiro Yuasa, Jun Uechi, Itaru Mizoguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of filler properties on the grindability of composite resin adhesives. Methods: Six composite resin products were selected: Transbond XT (3M Unitek, Monrovia, Calif), Transbond Plus (3M Unitek), Enlight (Ormco, Glendora, Calif), Kurasper F (Kuraray Medical, Tokyo, Japan), Beauty Ortho Bond (Shofu, Kyoto, Japan), and Beauty Ortho Bond Salivatect (Shofu). Compositions and weight fractions of fillers were determined by x-ray fluorescence analysis and ash test, respectively. The polished surface of each resin specimen was examined with a scanning electron microscope. Vickers hardness of plate specimens (15 × 10 × 3 mm) was measured, and nano-indentation was performed on large filler particles (>10 μm). Grindability for a low-speed tungsten-carbide bur was estimated. Data were compared with anlaysis of variance (ANOVA) and the Tukey multiple range test. Relationships among grindability, filler content, filler nano-indentation hardness (nano-hardness), filler elastic modulus, and Vickers hardness of the composite resins were investigated with the Pearson correlation coefficient test. Results: Morphology and filler size of these adhesives showed great variations. The products could be divided into 2 groups, based on composition, which affected grindability. Vickers hardness of the adhesives did not correlate (r = 0.140) with filler nano-hardness, which showed a significant negative correlation (r = -0.664) with grindability. Conclusions: Filler nano-hardness greatly influences the grindability of composite resin adhesives.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)420-426
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Oct


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