Effect of Nb Content on Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of Ti-xNb-2Fe Alloys

Qiang Li, Pu Miao, Junjie Li, Meifeng He, Masaaki Nakai, Mitsuo Niinomi, Akihiko Chiba, Takayoshi Nakano, Xuyan Liu, Kai Zhou, Deng Pan

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16 Citations (Scopus)


β-Type Ti-Nb-based alloys exhibit satisfactory biocompatibility and low Young’s modulus for biomedical applications. The microstructure and mechanical properties of a series of Ti-(14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24)Nb-2Fe alloys fabricated by arc melting were investigated by XRD, optical microscopy, and tensile tests. Both ω and α″ phases existed in the Ti-14Nb-2Fe alloy, while just a single β phase existed in the other alloys. Twinning is an important deformation mechanism that causes work hardening and twinning-induced plasticity. It was found in the Ti-(14, 16, 18, 20)Nb-2Fe alloys and not in the Ti-22Nb-2Fe alloy. The Ti-14Nb-2Fe alloy exhibited the highest tensile strength and the highest Young’s modulus owing to the existence of the ω phase. The tensile strength decreased gradually from 830 MPa (highest) for the Ti-14Nb-2Fe alloy to 540 MPa (lowest) for the Ti-24Nb-2Fe alloy with an increase in the Nb content. The Young’s modulus decreased from 90 GPa for the Ti-14Nb-2Fe alloy to 63 GPa for the Ti-22Nb-2Fe alloy and then increased to 71 GPa for the Ti-24Nb-2Fe alloy. Elongation shows the same trend as the Young’s modulus. The Ti-22Nb-2Fe alloy, with a low Young’s modulus of 63 GPa, tensile strength of 570 MPa, and 15% elongation, was found suitable for biomedical applications. The Ti-20Nb-2Fe alloy also exhibits a high tensile strength, a Young’s modulus ratio of 9.24 × 10−3, and 18% elongation and is thus considered another valuable Ti alloy for biomedical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5501-5508
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Engineering and Performance
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Sept 1


  • Ti-Nb alloys
  • biomaterials
  • mechanical properties
  • microstructures
  • β stability


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