Effect of phosphorus doping on crystallization-induced stress of silicon thin films

Hideo Miura, Asao Nishimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of phosphorus doping on the crystallization-induced stress of silicon thin films is discussed experimentally. Amorphous silicon thin films are deposited on thermally-oxidized silicon substrates using chemical vapor deposition. Phosphorus is doped to the film during film deposition using PHs gas. The initial residual stress of the phosphorus doped films is constant at - 200 MPa, regardless of dopant concentration. The internal stress of the films changes to a tensile stress of 800 MPa during crystallization due to film shrinkage. Although the magnitude of the stress change is independent of the dopant concentration, the crystallization temperature of the film decreases with an increase of dopant concentration. The doped phosphorus at the film/ substrate interface affects the crystallization process, i.e., the structure and crystallinity of the silicon thin films. The surface condition of the substrate also affects the crystallinity and crystallization-induced stress of the film.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)620-625
Number of pages6
JournalJSME International Journal, Series A: Mechanics and Material Engineering
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Oct


  • Amorphous Silicon
  • Crystallization
  • Experimental Stress Analysis
  • Residual Stress
  • Thin Film


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