The geometrical control of micronetwork structures ((Formula presented.) NSs) formed by endothelial cells is an important topic in tissue engineering, cell-based assays, and fundamental biological studies. In this study, (Formula presented.) NSs are formed using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) by the coculture of HUVECs and human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) confined in a honeycomb-patterned poly-l-lactic acid film (honeycomb film (HCF)), which is a novel cell culture scaffold. The HCF is produced using the breath figure method, which uses condensed water droplets as pore templates. The confinement of the HUVECs and MSCs in the HCF along with the application of centrifugal force results in (Formula presented.) NS formation when the pore size is more than 20 (Formula presented.) m. Furthermore, (Formula presented.) NS development is geometrically restricted by the hexagonally packed and connected pores in the horizontal direction of the HCF. Network density is also controlled by changing the seeding density of the HUVECs and MSCs. The threshold pore size indicates that (Formula presented.) NSs can be formed spontaneously by using an HCF with a perfectly uniform porous structure. This result provides an important design guideline for the structure of porous cell culture scaffolds by applying a blood vessel model in vitro.
- honeycomb-patterned polymer film
- human umbilical vein endothelial cell
- mesenchymal stem cell
- micronetwork structure