Effect of risperidone on high-affinity state of dopamine D2 receptors: A PET study with agonist ligand [11C](R)-2-CH 3O-N-npropylnorapomorphine

Fumitoshi Kodaka, Hiroshi Ito, Harumasa Takano, Hidehiko Takahashi, Ryosuke Arakawa, Michie Miyoshi, Masaki Okumura, Tatsui Otsuka, Kazuhiko Nakayama, Christer Halldin, Lars Farde, Tetsuya Suhara

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13 Citations (Scopus)


The increased proportion of the high-affinity state of dopamine D 2/3receptors (D2,high) is assumed to correlate with dopamine hypersensitivity, implying a relationship with psychotic symptoms observed in psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia. [11C](R)-2- CH3O-N-n-propylnorapomorphine ([11C]MNPA), which has an agonistic property to dopamine D2 receptors (D2Rs), is expected to bind preferentially to D2,high. The occupancy of dopamine D2Rs by antagonists to receptors has not been investigated using [11C]MNPA. We compared dopamine D2R occupancies by risperidone, an antagonist to receptors, between [11C]MNPA and [ 11C]raclopride to confirm whether risperidone occupies D 2,high andD2,low at almost identical proportions. PET studies were performed on 11 healthy men under resting condition and following oral administration of a single dose of risperidone (0.5-2.0 mg). Striatal receptor occupancy for each radioligand was calculated. The relationship between dose or plasma concentration of risperidone and dopamine D2R occupancy was calculated. Striatal dopamine D2R occupancies measured with [11C]MNPA and [11C]raclopride were 22-65% and 24-69%, respectively. In the striatum, ED50 values measured with [ 11C]MNPA and [11C]raclopride were 0.98 and 1.03 mg, respectively. The striatal ED50 values as calculated from plasma concentration were 9.15 ng/ml and 8.01 ng/ml, respectively. Almost identical occupancies and ED50 values were observed between the two radioligands, indicating that risperidone bound to D2,high and D 2,low at almost identical proportions in a dose-dependent manner

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-89
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Feb


  • [C]MNPA.
  • Binding potential
  • dopamine D receptor
  • receptor ccupancy
  • risperidone


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